HOME > The food control of imports of each Islam country
The international Halal food trade covers all approximately 600 billion dollars, many countries and imports Halal food in some Islam nations mainly from North America, Europe, Australia, the New Zealand.
With the progress of the food production technology and the penetration of the brand, the increase in franchise chain store, the development of transportation means, the international trade of the Halal food increases more and more in comparison with the past.
It produces it even if I turn it to the Muslim consumers living in the countries except not only the countries where a Muslim occupies many but also it and comes to market not only the food company of the small and medium size but also the huge international food company.
However, it is the fact that it cannot be said that I understand requirements and an import of Islam countries rule necessary for the Halal certification definitely in many companies, and it is indispensable that the food production company understands requirements about the production of the product for Islam markets enough.
As for it, there is the understanding of import of each country requirements concerning the need after having considered not only the safety of the product but also the religious side for export again.
Much Islam nations establish law and guidelines about the Halal to not only the food import but also the domestic food.
The requirements that both the import goods and the domestic product are basic are the same, but enforcement methods of law and the regulation are different. The Halal certification circumstances of the main Islam nation are as follows.
The consumers would experience a food import since a foreign-affiliated food company opened a restaurant in Malaysia in the 1970s, and the government of the country established a processing procedure and guidelines for the Halal food, the law regardless of domestic import goods.
A false put a label of the Halal on the food in the commerce laws and ordinances of the establishment in 1975 and did it when it was guilty to transcribe a sign and a mark and hit it. The Halal certification has begun to be realized after the next several years.
The government of the country installs a committee to evaluate food, drink, other articles which a Muslim uses, and to judge under Islamic Affairs Division in the Prime Minister's office in 1982, and this committee checks those products independently and will take responsibility to infiltrate recognition for the Halal into a producer, a person of merchandising, an importer. In addition, the government established a rule in the same year, and, as for all meat (beef, mutton, chicken) imported to the country, Halal must be accepted, and only the meat from the slaughterhouse which Islamic Affairs Division and the animal quarantine inspection station of the Prime Minister's office recognized officially again did import when admitted.
Islamic Affairs Division became independent afterwards from the Prime Minister's office and was promoted to Islamic Affairs Department, and this new section was called JAKIM, and it was with the bureau which watched overall matter about the Halal. According to the Malaysian rule, it was said to 畜肉類 and all Halal certification book for the chicken that it must be publication, a signed thing by the engine that the publication of the certification book was recognized officially by JAKIM about Islam.
It is necessary for the slaughterhouse supplying such imported beef and import chicken to get approval of two engines of the Malaysian government namely JAKIM and animal quarantine inspection station (The Department of Veterinary Services). I do not mind with a Halal certification book published about the processed food by the organization recognized officially of the export country about Islam. However, the processing factory of the place of origin country must undergo an examination whether or not it is appropriate for the Halal certification by a dispatched inspection team from JAKIM when I expect it when a company wants to use the official Malaysian Halal logo.
What a Malaysian global Halal hub developed with the goal of making it it was decided by the third agriculture plan by 2010 in 1998, and, as a private sector (public corporation) which the government owned in September, 2006, Halal Industry Development Corporation(HDC) was established. The engine in charge of promotion of the examination of the Halal standard and the Halal industry is HDC of the prime minister prefecture direct control now. JAKIM was a charge organization of the Halal standard, but a Halal function of JAKIM about standard shifts to HDC and, before the establishment of HDC, reaches it at the present. JAKIM is a government office, but it is a religion-colored strong engine, and, on the other hand, HDC is a strong engine of the industrial policy-like color.
I make a Halal standard frequent use here and a Halal hub is global in becoming it and can read an intention of the government which is going to promote it. A Halal standard accepted by Halal standard and HDC accepted transiently by JAKIM coexists now.
The Islamic Council of Singapore (MUIS) started duties about the Halal in 1972 and started the issuance of the Halal certification book in 1978. All import meat (including the chicken) and processed meat catch the Halal certification by the Islam group of export countries in Singapore and must receive approval of MUIS.
With the engine which carries responsibility that authority is transferred to MUIS by the Singaporean government and serves as regulation and an adjustment function about the Halal on its back alone, I promote Halal food trade through the following activity.
The Singaporean assembly approved the draft amendment of the Muslim administration charter in 1999 and approved it, and I managed the Halal business and promoted it and admitted that I strengthened it, and this draft amendment authorized MUIS big by MUIS.
Three government offices collaborate with MUIS in the execution of Halal duties in Singapore.
Singapore is a member country of Halal food guidelines on special working group Committee of the ASEAN again.
The Halal certification program in Indonesia started with the support of a religion council known as Majelis Ulama Indonesia(MUI) in the hometown. Responsibility that MUI unifies various activity about the Halal and unifies food, medicine, cosmetics discussion Committee (charged the organization called local abbreviation excellent LP-POM).)
The Halal certification book performs a multidirectional function in Indonesia.
An examination for Halal and the process of the evaluation begin from an application submitted by a manufacturer and an importer and because an assay does a production procedure and the ingredient of raw materials, the inspector team consisting of members of LP-POM, the health station and the religion station visits the manufacturing facility and inspects it.
The knowledge provided by a visit is sent to the checkup committee and reports the checkup committee to fatwa Committee of MUI, and I evaluate it whether the product is Halal, and MUI is decided. The health station takes responsibility for the approval of the Halal mark.
If the product of the perilla meets requirements of the Halal, a report is sent to performing it like the said article by the assay of a product made plant and there of the place of origin country the inspector team of three people of LP-POM about the imported product, and a Halal certification book will be issued. MUI holds the list of the Halal certification organization of other countries recognized officially in the country.
In Indonesia, the Halal system is the standard that the religion organization establishes not the standard that the country establishes.
Therefore, it is the premium standard that a Halal standard is an arbitrary standard as a general rule, and is appreciated when I clear it not the minimum standard that you should clear.
But, about the slaughter, it is a forced standard. In addition, the product containing a pig and alcohol has the regulation by the laws and ordinances of obliging it to clear indication.
The Middle Eastern Persian Gulf countries carries out common standardization about meat and a processed food used based on the Saudi Arabian leadership in the member countries, and the standard is known as gulf standard or Saudi Arabia standard.
Guidelines and the requirements about various food and processed foods, edible meat and the import of meat artefacts are included in it.
It needs it that a Halal certification book is performed endorsement of by consul region of the bilateral chamber of commerce and import country before Persian Gulf countries, each other Middle East country require the attachment of the Halal certification book issued from Islam group recognized the export country officially for the import of products, and in addition export is performed.
The Southern Asia countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka import Halal products in consumption particularly an eating out service field, too, but the Halal program is not so clear in these countries.
Several Pakistani major foodservice companies operate it under the guidelines similar to Malaysia and I am available in beef and chicken although being voluntary and require the Halal certification about the item of the processed food.
In many countries except it, the attachment of the Halal certification book may be required for an import food product formally or unofficially. Egypt, Turkey, Thailand, Philippines, South Africa, Australia are included in this, too.
The government and many NGOs (NGO) are concerned with duties such as the permission of the use of a logo and the mark to guarantee Halal regardless of evaluation duties and Halal monitor duties of the Halal, publicity work of the Halal spread, the issuance duties of the Halal certification book, import goods, a domestic product.
In addition, there are many countries prescribing Halal requirements about the import of products, and the requirements are accepted in the product export country.